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Student Guide to the United States of America (USA)

usa

Training System

Many students, researchers, and international visitors are surprised to learn that in the United States there is no national education system. The federal government can affect the formation of only the funds they provide, but it is limited. Unlike the CBSE exams in India, there is a national study at the end of the secondary school. However, there are national examinations in their specialty; students must pass them.

College Fit: At the highest level, students have a broad range of choices when choosing a college or university. Although there are agencies that try to evaluate American colleges and universities, it is also important the concept of “fitness.” GPA accepted * serious students, but the main proposals, location, the number of students and campus culture – all factors affect the decision of the prospective student. Some colleges and universities finance public funds, and the other – in the private sector.
* GPA is the average score. This is the average of all estimates.
Traditional Student Destinations: Best Universities in the United States of America – Princeton University, Harvard University, Yale University, Columbia University and Stanford University (respectively). The New England area on the east coast of the United States is the center of all its known academic institutions. Most of the country’s best colleges are located in cities like Boston, New York, Cambridge, Old Seabrook, New Haven. About 96750 Indian students are studying in the United States during the 2012-13 school year. Business Administration, Computer Science, Finance, Accounting, Economics, Communications / Media – Popular courses that Indian students spend in the United States.

Safety in the United States is the most diverse country, and the United States is the safest place for students, especially from India, and there is no concern about racism. So, in this sense, the United States – a safe country for Indian students.
Weather condition

Southwest – Southwest has a warm desert climate and covers cities such as Phoenix and Las Vegas. He said that average temperatures in years equal to 40 ° C to 25 ° C. In the winter months, it will be from 18 ° C to 4 ° C.
Southeast – Southeast has a warm and hot wet climate covering cities such as Houston, New Orleans, Atlanta, and Charleston. The average summer temperature is 35 ° C to 25 ° C. In winter; it is from 10 ° C to 0 ° C.
Midwest – Midwest, Northern Plains, Great Lakes and New England have wetland climate cities and covers such as Wisconsin, Michigan, and Ohio. The average summer temperature is 28 ° C to 15 ° C. In winter; it is 0 ° C to -9 ° C.
Atlantic Coast. The Central Valley and the Eastern Coast have a mild, humid climate and cover cities such as St. Louis, Cincinnati and New York. The average summer temperature is 30 ° C to 18 ° C. In winter, it is from 4 ° C to -3 ° C.
Northwest Pacific – Northwest Pacific has an oceanic climate covering cities such as Seattle and Portland. The average summer temperature is 30 ° C to 18 ° C. In winter, it is from 4 ° C to -3 ° C.
Lifestyle
The United States – a vital state, covering all aspects of the continent. There are many cultural currents and coexist in American life. To connect with local audiences, you need to keep in mind that the American way of living is very different from the Indians. You need to include more work in your life if you want to learn and get to know new people.
To identify the functional and sporting functions – one way to break the ice with locals – is to talk about professional sports like the NFL or NBA, or any other local game. Sports play a significant role in the mix with locals.
Outdoor Activities – Americans love to spend time outdoors and prefer to take part in outdoor sports and games. Their way of life is more active; they prefer to spend time meeting new people and trying a new and different set of skills.

Concerts, Nightlife – At the end of each week people go to social events, such as concerts, shows, or maybe just go to the bar to watch the game. Weekend to mingle and relax, so it is possible that your friends or classmates may invite you to the club. All you need is an open mind to meet new and social people.
Indians living in the United States

In 2011, there were about 1.9 million Indian immigrants in the United States. The third largest group of immigrants by country of origin, after Mexico and China.
The US government reports that immigrants from India, more educated, are likely to have strong English language skills, come on visas for work and are less liable to live below the poverty line than the general immigrant population.
Nearly one-third of all immigrants from India live in two states: California and New Jersey. More than a quarter of all immigrants from India live in three major metropolitan areas: New York, Chicago, and San Jose.
2. Student life
Housing
First, you decide whether you want to live in dormitories run by the university, or from your landlord. Choosing a controlled residence at the university, you can also order one or more options. Services provide the benefits of prepared meals to you, and a certain degree of confidence in food prices.
If you have an idea of what you prefer, the employment office at your university will be able to tell you what accommodations they have – so it is a place to start. If you are considering renting from a private owner, or if your chosen university can not offer you anything in the space you live in, accommodation in the office should provide you with a list of facilities and private homes in the area.
Where you choose to live, you need to make sure that you know the contractual rights and obligations. In most cases, you will be asked to sign a lease, which must be read in full before you sign up.
Guidance
Orientation Week is compulsory for international students, so make sure you arrive before the start. This is when you know the university and its services, as well as enroll in the classroom. It is important to read your guide, which provides the college. Guide explains each part of the reception process.
Measures
Along with sports colleges offer extracurricular activities that provide students with a broad range of experience. Music, drama, science and literary communities in universities are opportunities for other recreational activities and outdoor education. Visits to theaters, concerts, and venues related to training courses, such as art galleries, museums, religious centers, historical sites, research companies and projects that are part of university life.
Additional reading:
Life on American Campus: Brotherhood – an excellent way to entertain and communicate
Student Account Choose a record and apply for the college
Student life in New York useful indicators for applicants
Admission process
Requirements
Ranging from educational programs to levels. For each course, Indian students must meet the minimum English requirements. However, it also requires a minimum academic record and above 65% for human flow in the 12th grade, 70-80% and above for the science/trade flow in the 12th grade. Students who have received less than 60% are offered Foundation and Diploma programs. A student must complete 18 years before joining the program.
It is important to note that these numbers are for reference only, actual numbers may vary from university to university.
Also, the following documents must be submitted:
Certified copies of the marks with grades X, XII and BS (if any)
At least two academic references from the professors you have been studying recently.
If you have to experience, then two recommendation letters from your boss/manager, who know you well and can comment on their professional abilities
Statement of Intent (SOP)
Resume
GMAT / GRE / IELTS / TOEFL grade reports
Portfolio (for advanced students of technical and architectural design courses and programs)
Other (state / national / state-level certificates / achievements)
Proof of funds
Schedule
Most US colleges accept online applications. You will need to visit the website for each college to apply. In most cases, you will need to make an account on the university website to provide necessary information to make a scanned copy of your documents and pay the registration fee. Through this account, you will be notified of the application process and its stages. Please refer to the Colleges website for your choice of the learning process.
Read and Download Study in the United States: A Guide to Timetable
Fees for applying: All colleges require you to pay registration fees when using. The amount of payment will vary depending on what college or course you have, so check with individual colleges on board, to make an application.
Next steps: General steps to apply to join:
Search for colleges and courses
Contact the school and visit the sites for more information.
Narrow the list of schools
You go through entrance exams such as SAT, GMAT, GRE, TOEFL, IELTS
Send SOP and ask the lure
Apply to colleges that suit your interests
It looks like an interview on a video of colleges that may come to you on the short list
If accepted, apply for a student visa
Articles: Articles must also be submitted to prospective students. Articles – An important part of the reception process at universities. Students may be required to write one or two articles, as well as several additional articles as well. Common themes include professional aspirations, strengths, weaknesses, skills, experience, and reasons to consider a particular school.
SOP: Statement of Purpose (SOP) – This is an introduction to the faculty and reception staff. Always written in the first person, describes treatment for a particular college issue. We should emphasize why you are perfect for college and college why you should take it. The style of writing varies from casual to casual, but it is important to remember that it should also reflect your personality.
LOR: A letter of recommendation (LOR) – This is a letter of recommendation written by a third party with a description of the qualities, characteristics, and abilities of the student purportedly recommended by the college regarding that person’s ability to perform a task or particular function. A third party can be a direct supervisor professor, and so on. D.
Intake seasons
There are two major university admission seasons in the United States, the course starts mostly in September and January, but some institutions also take in May, July, and October. Pizza is the primary season for the best courses in the United States – September, while the annual period is small – January, which is designed for a relatively limited number of classes.
The receipt must begin approximately six months before the deadline for submission of the application. As a general rule, most universities have three periods between October and January. It depends on providing comfort for the students that need to follow. You have to pass the language test and their abilities for three months ahead of time. It has three months past to be filled correctly.
It is necessary to ensure that the “full application process,” together with the appearance of the interview, how to apply for a visa to be completed by June or July for admission in September.
Pizza is the primary season for the most prestigious colleges and courses – this is the fall, i.e., September. It depends on what direction you want to follow because many courses do not have January calls
If you want to get professional courses, some courses can be opened in January and possibly until May or July.
Read more
Which season Zab Irani ya choose: autumn or spring?
Exams
Language examinations
International English Language Testing System (IELTS), English as a Foreign Language Test (TOEFL) and Pearson’s English Language Test (PTE) – all standardized language tests, which must be taken for college admission. They correspond to different formats, structure, and set of results. These tests vary in many ways, but many colleges require one of the results. Therefore, the student who decides must show the exam.
Repeat exams: IELTS, you can take an unlimited number of times. TOEFL can be taken as many times as you wish but can be made more than once during a 12-day period. Same with PTE, it can be taken as many times as necessary. You have to wait for your points so you can request the next test.
Fee: The fee for these examinations is 9300 rupees for the IELTS, 10,000 rupees for the TOEFL and 9350 Swiss francs. FF for PTE.
Time limit for submission: Ideally, if you are aiming to eat in September, you should appear on these exams in November so you can apply them for the first period. At the universities you referred to, you will tell what kind of results you will take the exams. But if they have the option to go to any of them, the choice is up to you. The time to prepare for IELTS / TOEFL / PTE depends on the level of English. You may need 2-4 months of preparation before the exam date.
General examination
GMAT – Graduate School Admissions Certificate used to assess the feasibility of a prospective MBA student’s graduate degree in business or management. It measures math, English, and cognitive student skills.
The GRE – final exam – another test, which is required to take students to apply for graduate school to obtain a master’s or master’s degree. Increasingly, many business schools also accept the GRE assessment for the purpose of admission to the MBA.
LSAT – College of Admission Tests is a standardized test which is an integral part of the application process at the Law School. It provides a degree of reading and verbal reasoning, which can be used for law schools evaluating candidates.
SAT – A test phase evaluates the literacy skills necessary for academic success in college. This test assesses the extent to which analysts analyze and solve problems – the skills they have learned in the school they need in college. SAT usually takes high school students to get UG courses.
The university, which will turn, and say what test results will be used for the course you have chosen. But if they have the option to go to any of them, the choice is up to you.
Frequency and Payment: You can make an unlimited number of GMAT, provided five times a year there is a gap of 30 days between the two tests. You can pass these tests with a 30-day break from the first time. GMAT cost 16000 rupees, GRE – 12 000 rupiahs, LSAT – 3800 rupees
Ideally, if you are aiming for a September reception, you should show up on these exams in November so you can apply them for the first period. Preparation time generally 4-6 months.
Average rating: The average GMAT, in the universities received is 540. The mean GRE equal verbal to 155, 167 for the amount and 5.0 for writing. The standard classification of LSAT, which was adopted in quantities to 162 universities.
It is important to note that these figures are only for reference purposes, original estimates may vary from school to university.
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Cost of living
The cost of life is highly dependent on any part of the United States that lives with it and will continue. Some essential elements of life as an international student in the United States:
Rental of housing (on campus or off campus)
Grocery stores and food items
Utilities such as electricity, water, gas and the Internet
Phone bills
Texts and reference books
A trip to India.
Other items that may vary from person to person are:
Eating out
Travel and entertainment
Car Rental and Auto Insurance
Cable TV
Cost of living for international students in the United States
School cost
Tuition fees vary depending on the different universities, courses, and city. Education spending in the United States can range from $ 10,000 to $ 30,000 per year for a general college course. And if you are considering how to apply for a college graduate, the cost will be about 15 000-55 000 dollars per year. It is important to note that the expense of the program at American school does not necessarily affect its quality. The US can range from $ 5 000. Per year for public universities in the United States to $ 50 000. Per year for some private schools.
Living expenses
On average, a student spends about 10 000-12 000 per year. But costs also depend on the student’s place of residence. If the student is in the capital, such as New York, San Francisco, Chicago, so D., costs may rise to $ 15 000, compared with students studying in the suburbs, where the cost will be about 8000 – 10 thousand US dollars per year.
Medical Insurance
An insurance policy is a must for international students because students have to stay abroad for a longer period. Insurance costs are usually around $ 500-1000 per year. Before you get insurance, make sure that it covers medical expenses, personal accidents, dental treatment interruption study, passport loss, etc. D. Insurance is mainly non-cash so that students do not need to pay money at the time of hospitalization.
Scholarships
Rewards for compensation granted to international students according to merit criteria and need. It is noted that the candidate with strong academics, good job for standardized tests, extracurricular achievements will be eligible for scholarships and financial assistance. To take advantage of these opportunities, it is essential that all necessary documents be sent on time. Also, the submission of the application is equally important for each project evaluation image.
Required documents: Documents usually required for the grant, as follows, although the requirements may vary:
Academic record and copies
Recent Summary
Letter of Intent, which serves as a cover page
Certificate of Competence (TOEFL IELTS or Assessments)
Writing (LOR)
Loans
Eligibility Criteria for Students: The first thing you need to know is whether you are eligible to apply for a loan or not. General eligibility requirements, followed by all banks are as follows:
You must be an Indian citizen
You must have a strong academic record
Must look for reception in vocational, technical or other training. Most banks believe that the chosen course must be designed to work.
Must have access to foreign universities.
You must be over 18 years old, or your parents can take advantage of a loan.
Eligibility, Of course, you can not get credit for each course. The following are types of classes that are suitable for educational loans.
For graduates: Professional and technical courses are focused on work while staying prestigious universities
For graduates: MCA, MBA, MS, as well as certificates
These courses can be from foreign universities or institutions accredited by the state and central government.
Loan amount: If your total fee of 10 rupees, that the bank offered to make an investment of 80% of the value, and you have to put the remaining 20%. This is called total margin. The maximum loan for study abroad, as a rule, about 20 rupees. If your tuition is Rs 30, you will need to manage the remaining funds. Some banks charge for processing, while others – no. This can be a fixed amount or a percentage of the total loan amount. So, if the bank will charge you 1% of the processing, you will be the additional costs that you have to cover.
Required documents: You will need to provide a confirmation letter sent by the university, which will indicate that you have been selected for the course and fees. You will also need to display a mark for the last qualification exam to show their academic record.
All banks have different requirements for documentation, so you must check the bank.

Repayment: Repayment begins after the training period. If the student receives a job within one year after completion of the course, the payment must begin immediately after the expiration of one month from the date of appointment.

If you do not provide a job for one year after completing the course, it starts repaying regardless of whether you are working or not. The loan usually needs to be repaid in 5-7 years after the beginning of maturity. If the student fails to complete the course on time, the time may be extended to fill out the class for up to two years. As a general rule, you get Maximum ten years to repay the loan
Visa
The conditions
If you want to study at a university or college in the United States, you will need a student visa under the name «F1».
Valid passport. The passport must be valid for at least six months, not exceeding the period of stay in the United States.
Application for Non-Immigrant Visa, DS-160 Confirmation Page
Get a receipt of payment fees, where you have to pay before meeting them
Photo: US Consulate Upload your photos, for this purpose you will have to schedule an appointment with the Consulate. You will need to visit the visa center. Your digital will be photographed, and with it, all your fingerprints will be checked. You will need to receive the Consular Consular Consent’s approval, after successfully filming and wiping the fingers.
Certificate on the right to participate in non-immigrant (F-1) student status. Your school will send you an I-20 form, generated SEVIS after you type your information into the SEVIS database. You and your school official must sign the I-20 form. All students, from the spouse (s) and his minor children, if they wish to reside in the United States with a student must be enrolled in the System of Student Exchange Visits (SEVIS).
Note: Additional documentation may be required. During the interview, the interview may require additional documents. These documents may be evidence of the academic or financial situation. These include:
Texts, certificates, diplomas or certificates from the schools studied
Test results, which are required from your school in the United States, for example, TOEFL, SAT, GRE or GMAT
Your intention to leave the United States after completing a course
How you will pay for all, living expenses and educational travel
Treat
There are many steps to apply for a visa.
Online application forms a DS-160 visa
After filling out your visa application online, you will need to pay the application fee non-refundable. You have to pay before the interview. It can be paid online or via bank transactions.
The application form confirmation page should be submitted to the interview.
Biometric and similar mapping plan.
Biometric mapping will be needed to appear in person to get the picture, which you have specified on the visa, and fingerprint scanning.
In the corresponding personal interview, you will be asked questions about your choice, of course, in college, finances, and intention to return. If he/she is convinced, they will keep your passport with you for a visa.
F-1 student visas can be issued 120 days before the date of training. However, you are not allowed to enter the US to put F-1 earlier than 30 days before the start date.
Work Permit
During the first year of study, students can not take work off campus at any time. Under certain circumstances, the US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) may grant permission to accept off-campus after one year of study, but very rare. It may take F-1 students on campus at the University without the prior approval of USCIS.
Students can not work more than 20 hours a week. During the holidays, breaks and summer classes for students can work for up to 40 hours per week. A student can work in a commercial company that provides services to the college, for example, a library or café. Working for more than 20 hours will lead to problems associated with restoring the student status before being deported.
Off-campus lessons, such as hotels, motels, gas stations, liquor stores, and so on. D., illegal. If arrested, it can lead to deportation or problems during future immigration work.
A visa for the husband

Husband or children get a student visa F2, a visa on the affiliate.
Wife on the F-2 can not engage in a full course of study but can take a class, who are professional or recreational in nature, such as hobby or interest, such as cooking or tennis. A child from F2 mode allows enrolling in primary, intermediate or secondary school as a full-time student. They can not enter full-time at a college or university.
Couples and children of students may not take a job at any time.
Further reading:
US Student Visa: Legends vs. Reality
Interview with Ace USA Visa
Checklist before departure
Book airline tickets
Buy travel and health insurance
Arrange accommodation in the US
Arrange transportation to/from the airport to home in the US
Organize your banking – consider buying traveler’s cheques
Check baggage and customs limitations
Do all paperwork with your home educational institution
Get your documents in order and make photocopies to store in your luggage and keep at home, including:
Passport
Airline tickets
Travel insurance certificate
Letter of Acceptance from the educational institution;
Key addresses and phone numbers
A bank statement showing proof of funds
Prescriptions for any medication you are carrying
Traveler’s cheques—if applicable
Medical and immunization records
Academic history and university transcripts
Once you land
Shopping in the United States: Shopping malls, supermarkets and major shopping, such as Wal-Mart and Target in the United States – is a shop stop for all your daily needs. Be careful to make sure that all your purchases are properly placed in the account, and keep your account with them.
Primary Cooking Study: Cooking for yourself will save you money. Indian food is expensive in the United States. Also, satisfy your desire to eat “your food” in moments of nostalgia home. Indian spices are not usually available in small towns, but you can find shops on campus where you can get ingredients used in most Indian dishes.
Travel: All the main cities in the United States have, and offer different modes of public transport, such as buses, taxis or trains. However, public transport services are poor. The frequency of fewer stops, and wrong places connected. In most cases, you may need to carry a private car. Even with gasoline prices, private vehicles are the most economical and convenient means of transportation because you get a lot of flexibility and freedom with your vehicle. You can travel to any destination you want, and do not have to rely on public transit schedule. However, before you buy your car, you will need to use public transportation or ask your friends about the trip.
Staying in Student Visa when you enter the United States, you can remain in the United States as long as you are enrolled in the school to complete the academic program. After completing the program you will have 60 days to leave the United States, you can search for jobs during this time, or you can exit the country to return to India.
9. Post Study Options
Occupied Palestinian Territory (optional practical training) If students want to stay in the United States to gain practical knowledge on the subject, they have the opportunity to do so through the occupied territories. This is a temporary work permit, which allows students to gain practical experience in their field of study in a 12 month period.
Occupied Palestinian Territory before completion
Occupied Palestinian Territories after the operation
If students want to carry out work related to the training area, they can do it through the occupied territories before completion. Students who are currently conducting a study, obtaining a work permit through this decision, can be employed for some time in the classroom and full-time during vacations.
Students are allowed 12 months pa for each bachelor’s and master’s degree – duration. Those who spend STEM courses, receive an additional 17 months (total 29 months) as part of the STEM expansion.
Students who have completed their studies and wish to work more than 20 hours per week, after finishing the occupied territories require. This occupied Palestinian Territory is available full-time. While students on the opt cannot continue a new course if they are not a Ph.D. Student.
Application to the Occupied Palestinian Territory. The student must start applying for the oPt, and if the DSO (the official representative of the school) recommends oPt. To do this, you must:
Create the appropriate notes in the SEVIS.
After that, students complete the I-765 form, an application for EAD (document for work permit). After approval, the student receives EAD. The student can begin work after the EAD release.
Cooperative Education Program
A joint program for training period alternately with work. Student Cooperative Program is a formally organized program, which aims to attract students, while still in school, to fill permanent posts after graduation. Joint programs are usually held in colleges and universities. It is likely to be awarded around the clock, depending on your choice of course or grand, you can get about $ 10-16 per hour salary.
Placements
Indian students have been accustomed to the concept of campus residence and campus employment for work. In America, there is no concept of investments. Most American universities have cells called the Career Development Center, which help you accomplish this task and help prepare for the interview. The appointment always depends on the students’ interest on campus. Companies that recruit at the University do not offer a job directly. What they offer – it’s internal or cooperative. Companies like to see your business within a few months before you hire you full time.

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